What are the stages of psychosexual development
In the case of too much gratification, the child does not learn that he or she does not control the environment, and that gratification is not always immediate, thereby forming an immature personality. In the young boy, the Oedipus complex or more correctly, conflict, arises because the boy develops sexual pleasurable desires for his mother. This Oedipal is the generic i. Therefore, the satisfactory parental handling and resolution of the Oedipus complex and of the Electra complex are most important in developing the infantile super-ego, because, by identifying with a parent, the child internalizes morality , thereby, choosing to comply with societal rules, rather than having to reflexively comply in fear of punishment. It has been the focus of many additions, modifications, and various interpretations given to its core points. The first defense mechanism is repression , the blocking of memories, emotional impulses, and ideas from the conscious mind; yet it does not resolve the Id—Ego conflict. This is one of Freud's most controversial ideas and one that many people reject outright. Oral Stage This stage occurs from birth to around the age of one year.
Hence the boy develops castration anxiety. Contemporary cultural considerations have questioned the normative presumptions of the Freudian psychodynamic perspective that posits the son—father conflict of the Oedipal complex as universal and essential to human psychologic development. Oral stage The first stage of psychosexual development is the oral stage , spanning from birth until the age of one year, wherein the infant's mouth is the focus of libidinal gratification derived from the pleasure of feeding at the mother's breast, and from the oral exploration of his or her environment, i. We see oral personalities all around us such as smokers, nail-biters, finger-chewers, and thumb suckers. Among his many accomplishments is, arguably, the most far-reaching personality schema in psychology: Fixation and conflict may prevent this with the consequence that sexual perversions may develop. Not every person completes the necessary tasks of every developmental stage. Psychosexual Stages of Development You can remember the order of these stages by using the mnemonic: Latency Stage 5 or 6 to puberty No further psychosexual development takes place during this stage latent means hidden. The little boy then sets out to resolve this problem by imitating, copying and joining in masculine dad-type behaviors. Briefly, the girl desires the father, but realizes that she does not have a penis. They like giving things away. Latency Stage This stage occurs from the age of six till puberty when children express no sexual feelings. The development of healthy substitutes for the sexual attraction boys and girls have toward a parent of the opposite gender. Freud also believed that all tension was due to the build-up of libido sexual energy and that all pleasure came from its discharge. Phallic stage The third stage of psychosexual development is the phallic stage , spanning the ages of three to six years, wherein the child's genitalia are his or her primary erogenous zone. For Freud, the proper outlet of the sexual instinct in adults was through heterosexual intercourse. If the child obeys the id, and the parents yield, he or she might develop a self-indulgent personality characterized by personal slovenliness and environmental disorder. Oral Stage year In the first stage of personality development, the libido is centered in a baby's mouth. It is from these structures and the inherent conflicts that arise in the mind that personality is shaped. This psychological complex derives from the 5th-century BC Greek mythologic character Electra , who plotted matricidal revenge with Orestes , her brother, against Clytemnestra , their mother, and Aegisthus , their stepfather, for their murder of Agamemnon , their father, cf. He named this energy as libido. Anal stage The second stage of psychosexual development is the anal stage , spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years, wherein the infant's erogenous zone changes from the mouth the upper digestive tract to the anus the lower digestive tract , while the ego formation continues. Gratification centers in different areas of the body at different stages of growth, making the conflict at each stage psychosexual. According to him, every child is full of energy that needs to be channelized in the right direction. As a child passes through these stages unresolved conflicts between physical drives and social expectation may arise.
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